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Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan--Research units-Crop Science Division-Dryland and Special Crops Laboratory-About us

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Dryland and Special Crops Laboratory

    For dryland crops, the breeding program directs to yield improvement, eating and nutritional quality, disease and insect resistance, and value-added processing of maize and peanut. Recent improved varieties include peanut Tainung No. 7, 8 and 9; forage maize Tainung No. 3; white maize Tainung No. 4; and black glutinous maize Tainung No. 5. The future agendas will engage in quality and yield improvement of forage maize, upgrading of fresh eating quality and processing quality with local flavor, and breeding for different attributes of maize and peanut. These efforts are to generate diverse consumer choices so as to enhance product competitiveness and increase the farmers’ incomes.

    For health-promoting plants, the research program directs to varietal improvement, improvement of cultivation practices, and utilization and safety of Chinese thorowax (Bupleurum chinense), amur grape (Vitis amurensis), bai zhi (Angelica dahurica) and huang qi (Astragalus propinquus).

    For medicinal plants, the research program is placed on the collection of genetic resources, variety trials and selections, characteristics investigation, processing and utilization, and safety evaluation. A demonstration garden of medicinal plants was also established, and database of their agronomic traits and growth habits created to facilitate future studies.

    The genetic resources of other special crops for fiber, spice and pigment are safely conserved for future use.