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Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan--Publication-Special Publication of TARI-No.177

No.177

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Development of Centrifugal Warm-water Sterilizer for Seeds of Melons and Fruits

Development of Centrifugal Warm-water Sterilizer for Seeds of Melons and Fruits

Ching-Tien Shih1, Kuang-Hua Chang2, Jen-Fang Chen3, Yi-Chen Tsai4, Peng Huang5, Ta-Chi Yang6

1 Associate Agricultural Engineer, Hualien District Agricultural Research and Extension Station, COA
2 Assistant Agricultural Engineer, Hualien District Agricultural Research and Extension Station, COA
3 Associate Plant Pathologist, Hualien District Agricultural Research and Extension Station, COA
4 Assistant Plant Pathologist, Hualien District Agricultural Research and Extension Station, COA
5 Director, Hualien District Agricultural Research and Extension Station, COA
6 Associate Entomologist, Hualien District Agricultural Research and Extension Station, COA

Abstract

    The centrifugal warm-water sterilizer for seeds of melons and fruits sterilizes the seeds of melons and fruits with warm water instead of using chemicals, suitable for sterilizing the seeds of organic and common plants. It can not only reduce the use of pesticides and the pollution to the environment but also lower the production cost, raise farmers’ profit and raise the healthy and high-quality seedlings. Its main structure is a sealable pressing warm-water tank with one centrifugal rotating tank inside. The seeds of melons and fruits inside the centrifugal rotating tank can be sterilized and disinfected with hot water, and dehydrated and dried with the combination of warm-water tank, cold and hot water tanks, vacuum pump, blower, drainage tube, air exhausting tube, temperature control system and micro-computer controller.

Keywords: Melon and fruits, Seed, Warming, Sterilizing machine, Centrifugal.