Research and publication ethics

(1) Research and publication ethics

The editorial team of JTAR complies with the standards and principles of ethics abided by international publishers. Only original work will be considered by JTAR. The manuscript, even in portions, submitted to JTAR shall not be submitted, in press or published elsewhere. The authors shall appropriately credit the sources of previously published work. The authors shall obtain appropriate permission from publishers when previously published figures or tables are deemed necessary in the manuscript. Fabrication or falsification of data, plagiarism, or using data from publications without permission is absolutely prohibited by JTAR. The authors shall appropriately acknowledge the source of the finding used to support the work as well. Shall the authors fail to meet these requirements, the manuscript will be rejected and the authors will be barred from publishing any articles in JTAR. Any conflicts of interest with funding agency shall be disclosed.

(2) Authorship

Only persons who have made significant intellectual contribution (experimental design, investigation, data analysis, or writing) to the work shall be included in the authorship. All authors shall read and approve the content before submission.

(3) Conflict of Interest Statement

The corresponding author must inform the editor of any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the authors' interpretation of the data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest are financial support from or connections to companies, political pressure from interest groups, and academically related issues. In particular, all sources of funding applicable to the study should be explicitly stated.

(4) Originality, Plagiarism, and Duplicate Publication

Submitted manuscripts must not have been previously published or be under consideration for publication elsewhere. No part of the accepted manuscript should be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the Editorial Board. Submitted manuscripts are screened for possible plagiarism or duplicate publication by Similarity Check upon arrival. If plagiarism or duplicate publication is detected, the manuscripts may be rejected, the authors will be announced in the journal, and their institutions will be informed. There will also be penalties for the authors. A letter of permission is required for any and all material that has been published previously. It is the responsibility of the author to request permission from the publisher for any material that is being reproduced. This requirement applies to text, figures, and tables.

(5) Process for Managing Research and Publication Misconduct

When the journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct, such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problems with a submitted manuscript, appropriation by a reviewer of an author’s idea or data, and complaints against editors, the resolution process will follow the flowchart provided by COPE ( The discussion and decision on the suspected cases are carried out by the Editorial Board.

(6) Editorial Responsibilities

The Editorial Board will continuously work to monitor and safeguard publication ethics: guidelines for retracting articles; maintenance of the integrity of academic records; preclusion of business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards; publishing corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed; and excluding plagiarized and fraudulent data. The editors maintain the following responsibilities: responsibility and authority to reject and accept articles; avoid any conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject or accept; promote the publication of corrections or retractions when errors are found; and preserve the anonymity of reviewers.

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